Congress creates the grant-related laws and regulations.
The Executive Office of the President – of which OMB is part – helps to implement the laws through Executive Orders and Guidance that define administrative rules.
The Department of Labor creates internal and external policies and procedures based on the OMB guidance. These agency-specific policies for direct award recipients and the states do not carry the weight of law, though they may be required of award recipients if they are listed in the Notice of Award.
Further, in Illinois the State Legislature, the Illinois Workforce Innovation Board (IWIB), and the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO) create policies and procedures based on state law and the authority granted under federal laws and regulations.