Anesthesiologists are doctors who give patients drugs to relieve pain or put them to sleep during medical procedures.
Anesthesiologists meet with the patient and examine them. They talk with each patient and read the medical chart to find out if the patient has an allergy to medication. They discuss possible risks, listen to patient concerns, and answer questions.
They also talk with other members of the medical team. After consulting with the patient and other doctors, anesthesiologists decide which methods and medicines to use.
Anesthesiologists can administer the drugs a variety of ways including:
- Intravenous (IV) drip
- Spinal drip
- Caudal drip
During the procedure, anesthesiologists monitor the patient's temperature, pulse, heart, and breathing rates. They watch for reactions to the drugs. If there are problems they change the medication or dosage. When the procedure is over, anesthesiologists decide when the patient goes to the recovery room.
Anesthesiologists record the types and amounts of medicines they give. They also supervise nurses and operating room assistants. These assistants check vital signs and monitor the medications and patients.
Some anesthesiologists teach medical students who are interns or residents. They may also do research in pain management and publish their findings.